Paul Halpern is a professor of physics at the University of the Sciences in Philadelphia. His most recent book is “Flashes of Creation: George Gamow, Fred Hoyle, and the Great Big Bang Debate.”
A Debate Over How The Universe Began
While debating the origins of the universe, these mid-century researchers accidentally explained the origins of every element of matter.
The Debate That Sparked The Big Bang
How a 1940s horror movie inspired maverick physicist Fred Hoyle’s now-panned alternative to the Big Bang.